Halong bay Vietnam – The truly wonder of the world
Halong bay Vietnam (Bay of decending dragons or landing dragons) is a famous bay on the west coast of the Ton kin gulf that locates in the North East Coast of Vietnam. It is including the sea island of Halong City, Cam Pha City and part of Van Island District, Quang Ninh province.
It is the center of a large area that is more or less similar in terms of geology, geomorphology, landscape, climate and culture. With Bai Tu Long Bay to the northeast and the Cat Ba Islands to the southwest. Halong Bay covers an area of about 1,553 km² including 1,969 large and small islands. Most of which are limestone islands, of which the core of the Tonkin Gulf has an area of 335 km² with a density of 775 islands. The geological history of the limestone karst of the Gulf of Tonkin has been around 500 million years with very different geologic circumstances. And full karst evolution over the past 20 million years with a combination of thick limestone, hot and humid climates and a slow overgrowth of the tectonic process.
The results of research, archaeological and cultural studies show that the presence of prehistoric inhabitants in the Halong Bay region from early on. It has created successive ancient cultural forms including Soi Mo culture from 18,000 to 7,000 BC, Cai Beo culture in 7,000-5,000 BC and culture of Ha Long today about 3,500-5,000 years.
The process of establishing and maintaining traditions of Vietnamese nation, throughout history, also affirmed the position of nature and cultural position of Halong Bay through the place names associated with the famous. Up to now, such as Bai Tho Mountain, Dau Go Cave, Bai Chay Beach.
Currently, Halong bay Vietnam is a dynamic development area cause of the existing conditions. And more of advantages such as great potential in tourism, scientific research, aquaculture, fishing, navigation with North East Vietnam in particular and northern Vietnam in general.
In 1994, the core area of Halong bay Vietnam was recognized by UNESCO as a World Natural Heritage with aesthetic value, and was re-recognized for the second time with exceptional global geo-geological value in 2000. Along with Nha Trang Bay and Lang Co Bay of Vietnam, Halong Bay is one of 29 bays rated by the World’s most beautiful bays club and officially recognized in July 2003.
Halong Bay along with Cat Ba Island formed one of the first 21 national tourist sites in Vietnam. In 2015, the Department of Cultural Heritage announced the number of visitors to Halong Bay is over 2.5 million international visitors.
Legend of Halong bay Vietnam
Halong bay Vietnam was built in the past due to the geological constructions. However, in the mind of the Vietnamese from prehistoric times with folk imagery and conception of the origin of the Fairy Dragon. Some legends is said that when the new Viet Nam was invaded by the foreign invaders. The Emperor sent the Dragon Mother with a flock of Dragons to the lower world to help the Vietnamese fight the enemy. The boat from the sea rushing to the shore just at the Dragon to the world, the Dragon immediately sprayed the fire to burn the enemy boat. Part of the Chau Ngoc stone wall made a horrendous to make the enemy boat crashed to shatter, blocking the progress of the foreign.
After the invasion, see the peaceful earth, the trees are good, the people here hard work to help each other, Dragon Mother and Baby Dragon do not return to heaven but stay in the world, where the battle to protect the Dai Viet people forever. Mother landed in Halong; where the child drops down is Bai Tu Long and where the flock of white dragon is Bach Long Vi.
Other legends say that when the country has foreign invaders, a dragon flew along the river down to the sea and landed in the northeastern coastal area, making it a stepping stone. The dragon-landed shelter for the country is called Halong Bay.
Halong bay weather and environment
Halong bay Vietnam, natural wonders of the world. is an attractive destination for millions of visitors each year. However, it is located in the North of Vietnam, where there is a rich variety of weather in the year, so to really have a full trip, we need to understand the most appropriate time to visit Halong,
Halong Bay is in North Eastern Vietnam. The coast stretches a vast 120km from Yen Hung to Van Don. It has a tropical climate with two distinct seasons: a hot and humid summer and a cold and drier winter. Halong Bay’s average temperature is from 15°C- 25°C. Follow the link for a current weather forecast if planning a visit to Ha Long Bay, as the island experiences annual rainfall from between 2 meters and 2.2 meters, so choose the best time to go Halong bay.
The summer months in Halong bay (June to August), are generally much wetter, due to the tropical rainstorms. Average temperatures range between lows of 17°C to highs of 32°C. In general August is the hottest time of the year to visit, however also the wettest. Rainfall has been recorded at approximately 265 millimetres, with the average rain or drizzle falling on 14 days of the month. Sunshine throughout these months range between 8-9 hours per day. Night time temperatures rarely drop below 25°C, providing a very warm evening.
During the winter months (November-February), HaLong bay‘s climate tends to be a lot drier and cooler, making it the ‘low season’ to visit for domestic tourist but high season for Foreigner. Temperatures range from lows of 0°C to highs of 24°C. There is usually around 5 to 8 hours of sunshine per day, with November being the sunniest month. During these months the humidity is approximately 83% and the average rainfall is 23mm, with the wettest month being January. In general, these months usually present fog, and tend to have low visibility. (Halong bay weather ).
Halong Bay is an island with a distinctly different climate: hot and humid summer with a temperature of about 27-29 ° C and cold winters with a temperature of 16-18 ° C, moving in the range of 15-25 ° C. Rainfall in Halong Bay is about 2,000mm-2,200mm although there are documents detailing the rainfall is 1.680mm with over 300mm in the hottest season of the year (from June to August). And less than 30 mm in the dry season of the year (from December to February the following year).
The tide system in Halong bay Vietnam is characterized by a high tide of about 3.5-4m / day. Salinity in seawater in the Gulf of Tonkin ranges from 31 to 34.5MT in the dry season, but in the rainy season this level may be lower. The sea level in the Gulf of Tonkin is quite shallow, with a depth of only 6m to 10m and the islands do not retain surface water.
2. How Halong bay weather impacts to the cruise trip?
Every years, in Vietnam, there are around 12 storms and thunder, almost happen from July to November. The storm and thunders will cause the cruise trip to be cancelled for safety of tourist.
Halong bay management will report the weather forecast by 7.00AM, 11.00AM, 3.00PM. For the morning of the Halong trip from Hanoi, the last news about weather would be announced by 11.00AM, that time, the tourist almost reach Halong bay. A lot of cases, the cruise trips were cancelled just before tourist arriving. So they just got the lunch then get back Hanoi, spend one day just to see Halong pier then get back Hanoi again, it is very bad luck.
Beside storm and thunder, the seasonal winds from the North down to the South also a reason cause the cruise trips to be cancelled. It is almost happened from middle of October to December when the weather change from autumm to winter in North of Vietnam. Some time, tourist go to Halong city at noon and see that, the weather is nice with light wind, blue sky, sunshine…but why the cruise also be cancelled, so angry, is’nt it? But tourist will do not know that, a seasonal wind is on the way coming to Tonkin gulf in the evening, it is very dangerous if all cruises sails out to stay in the bay at night. So please keep calm to listen the explaination from tour guide once the above case happen, it is very bad luck but also is a feature of Halong bay cruise trip, nobody want this happen.
For cancelled trips by weather, almost cruise companies will refund almost money to clients. They usually chage the lunch and a part of money amount if cruise could travel for a day tour then go back pier in afternoon and get back Hanoi. It is depend on policy of per company also. Please check it up before you join the trip.
To be continued…
Written by Tracy Nguyen
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